Stinking uncollected garbage pileup in various areas no longer an unfamiliar sight. We often dismiss the problem without giving in much thought. With the rapidly growing population, waste disposal has become a serious issue. Unknowingly, all of us contribute to the same. Thus adding to an unhygienic and unhealthy environment. Highly efficient waste management solutions are definitely the need of the hour.
We must tackle the problem of waste disposal at a personal level (i.e the properties we own). This will undoubtedly contribute towards a cleaner and healthier future. The present waste management solutions are inefficient. They are threatening our environment and personal health every day. Investing in waste management solutions is, therefore, a wise option any day. Not adopting the required waste management solutions may also cost us economically in a long run. To create a major change, we must adopt waste management solutions that cater to the root level. That is, at our homes, offices etc.
Waste Management Solutions
Here are a few waste management solutions that you could easily adapt
More than half of the waste we dispose of is usually organic matter. It takes some effort to separate the food waste (wet waste) from the dry waste. But if we do so, we can easily use it to our benefit. If the food waste is composted, it can serve as manure. Bio-composting refers to the process of breaking down the organic matter, i.e, food waste. The process is carried out in presence of air and water. It uses small insects and microorganisms present in nature for the breakdown.
You can easily carry out the process of bio-composting. It is done by piling up the food waste at a suitable outdoor location. Add sufficient amount of water to maintain moisture. You will have to regularly turn this mixture. Also, adding worms and fungi to the mixture helps in better composting. After a time period of 2-3 months, the compost will start its formation. Today, ready-made composting kits are also available. This will save you from the additional time and effort.
Benefits of bio composting
Bio-composting improves the physical texture of the soil. It makes the soil rich and enhances the growth of plants. Composting also improves the soil’s water holding capacity and avoids erosion. Considering an economic aspect, this method reduces waste disposal in form of landfills. It reduces waste generation as well and effectively utilizes organic matter. In addition, the process is also cost-effective.
Incineration is mainly seen as an alternative to landfills. Landfills are a popular waste disposal technique. However, it comes with its own share of disadvantages. Landfills demand a large area of land and also pollute groundwater. They also produce greenhouse gases which are quite harmful.
In order to conserve space, many communities have started incinerating their waste. Incineration involves combustion of waste. It is possible to recover the energy of the waste materials in the process. The end products of incineration may be used to generate electricity. Thermal treatment involves coupling incineration with high-temperature waste treatments. Incineration converts the waste material to heat, particles and gases. The process reduces the mass of waste to a considerable extent. Incineration is particularly popular in treating medical waste. It destroys the toxins in the waste.
Pros and Cons of Incineration
The main advantage of incineration is its ability to reduce the waste volume by about 80-95%. Therefore, incineration also reduces the need for landfilling space. This is of prime importance in urban areas. It is also possible to develop incineration plants near the area where waste is generated. This will decrease the cost and energy associated with the transportation of waste. Incineration keeps the groundwater pollution free, unlike landfills. It also allows the production of electrical and heat energy from the waste. The produced energy can serve as a source of power to nearby buildings.
However, incineration is an expensive process. The facilities required for incineration are costly. Both in terms of construction as well as maintenance. The operation of incineration plants requires highly skilled staff. Incinerators are not environment-friendly. They generate smoke which contains nitrogen oxide, particulates and acid gases. In addition, incineration discourages the process of recycling and the reduction of waste. In a long run, burning off all the waste may not be a wise option to adopt.
Food Waste Disposer
This method has gained popularity in the recent times. A food waste disposer shreds the household or commercial food waste into tiny pieces. It then disposes the waste into the sewage system via the sink. The particles are small enough and will not clog your system. This arrangement is also known as in-sink garbage disposal. A popular food waste disposer in Kerala is the Prodrain Plus food waste disposer. This waste management solution allows you to conveniently get rid of the food scraps. It also saves up a lot of time. You simply have to dispose off the food waste at the sink. It also keeps your kitchen free from the smell of rotting food.
Benefits of food waste disposer
It requires only minimal electric power for working. As per studies, a food waste disposer only consumes an additional 3-4 units of electricity over a year. Food waste disposers reap greater benefit than other options for food waste disposal in terms of climate change. Food waste disposers improve the general hygiene in the kitchen. It is one of the most efficient methods to deal with food waste. Food waste disposers reduce the amount of waste going into landfills. They are easy to install as well. However, they are comparatively a costlier choice. Make sure that this choice fits your budget.
Waste management is definitely an aspect that cannot be ignored. Consider all the possible waste management solutions and its suitability for your area before drawing conclusions.
Consult with an expert at Finish Factory to know more about waste management solutions.
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